(3-min read)

Natural, undeveloped sites are never level. While this is a good thing for the sake of scenery (how dull would a flat expanse be?), slopes, hills, and even mountains can make construction a more significant challenge. Fortunately, the practice of site grading can prepare virtually any terrain for commercial or residential development. Let’s take a look at what site grading is, why it may be necessary, and how it is performed by construction professionals. 

What is Site Grading? 

Site grading is the process of manipulating the slope and shape of an area. Site grading is usually done in preparation for residential or commercial construction. Proper site grading is the result of thorough surveying and investigation of the shape and elevations of a particular site, a professionally drafted design, and the execution of site grading by experienced construction professionals. 

Why is Site Grading Done?

There are various reasons for site grading, but the primary reasons come down to: 

  • the proper preparation for the construction of structures and infrastructure (roads, bridges, utility lines, etc.) 
  • the management of the drainage of water in populated areas
  • environmental design

 Though construction companies can usually level out specific areas of land for the construction of structures, there is more to site grading than merely the stability of a structure. If a site is not appropriately graded, this can result in the frequent flooding of a populated area or structure. Many existing sites may require maintenance to the grade of their land in order to divert the flow of water away from a structure. Professional site grading can be nearly undetectable to the untrained eye in turns of the slope but can have a considerable impact on appropriately directing the flow of water away from structures. 

How is Site Grading Performed?

Before site grading is performed, the land is surveyed to determine differing elevations and shapes of particular landmasses. After a plan has been created, excavators, graders, and other earth-moving equipment is employed to make the adjustments to the distribution of the terrain. Heavy-duty excavators are frequently used to remove larger portions of soil and rock formations. Graders are later used to provide flat or smooth edges. The techniques for site grading may vary from one construction company to the next. 

Site Grading for Environmental Design

Site grading may also be performed to enrich the aesthetic appeal and layout of a specific community or location. Precise site grading for the landscaping for botanical gardens, for instance, maybe in compliance with an intricate landscape design that allows for optimal visitor experience as well as water drainage. Other examples of site grading for environmental design may include neighborhoods, business parks, industrial areas, and more. 


 Make sure the new home of your business is built on firm, level ground with help from the construction professionals from Cowen Construction. 

Learn more about the construction services of Cowen Construction — a proud Oklahoma construction company.